Psychotherapy is the main treatment for PTSD. It can be effective in; helping you to think in better terms about yourself and others; treating related problems such as anxiety and depression; teaching skills to address symptoms, and teaching skills to cope with symptoms in the long term.
Types of psychotherapy treatment include cognitive therapy, which can help you to recognise the thinking patterns leading to thoughts which are part of the PTSD. You may also receive exposure therapy, which can help you to face memories or situations which might be distressing, in a safe manner.
There are several medications which are proven to be effective in the treatment of PTSD, including; anti-anxiety medications, which can relieve anxiety and related issues; anti-depressants, which can help to address symptoms such as depression and anxiety, improve sleep, and make it easier to concentrate; and prazosin, which has been seen to reduce nightmares for some people who have PTSD, although its effectiveness is still the subject of debate.
If you think you might have PTSD, usually the first step to treatment is to book an appointment for a consultation with a doctor or mental health professional.